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DEPARTMENT OF COMMUNITY MEDICINE



DR. SAIRA AFZAL
MBBS , MCPS, FCPS, M.Phil.
Chairperson and Head of Community Medicine Department,
King Edward Medical University,
Lahore





Community/Cultural Investment

MISSION

The mission of the Department of Community Medicine King Edward Medical University is to serve the countrymen of Pakistan by providing quality predoctoral, residency, and continuing medical education in Community Medicine, engage in scholarly pursuits related to Community Medicine, and provide quality medical care to patients. In the course of achieving this mission, the department will promote the specialty of community medicine, assure faculty development, and provide public education.

The stated missions of the Community Medicine are threefold:

Education: To participate in the training and continuing education of physicians, medical students, and other allied health professionals in our state and region. The postgraduate courses include M.Phil, MD, MCPS and PhD courses.

Research: To collect and analyze information pertaining to the health and health care needs of the people of our state and region.

Service: To propose and facilitate initiatives through which the health and well being of our population can be improved and field visits are very important.


OBJECTIVES

To make the students understand the concept of Primary Health care through community oriented medical education approach.

To expose the students to the real life situation regarding health problems of the communities.

Train the students in taking community diagnosis of health status of the population.

To enable the students to practice Primary health Care in communities.

To train the students in routine management of married women of reproductive age and children.
To train the students in the concept and delivery of school health services.

To develop the inter personal communication and integrated approach among community people, health care providers and social workers.

To develop coordination and intersectoral collaboration among various health care providers and health care related agencies

To develop coordination and intersectoral collaboration among various health care providers and health care related agencies

To make the students capable of identifying diseases in early stages in all age-groups, to solve their problems at the primary care level and refer the complicated cases to secondary or tertiary care level facilities.

 

VISION OF PUBLIC HEALTH

Medical education in any country must be relevant to the needs of the society. Medical students should be provided with basic knowledge, motivated to cultivate favourable attitude and trained to achieve adequate professional skill in order to be successful medical practitioners, wel oriented to the local health problems and capable of fitting in the health team that has to provide total preventive and curative health services to the individuals and the community.

Medical education in Pakistan and in most parts of the world was hospital oriented and the majority of the medical graduates were trained in the diagnosis and management of patients in an environment where expensive diagnostic and treatment facilities were available and they were not exposed to the real working environment where they had to work after their graduation in an underdeveloped country like Pakistan. They were not aware of the disease pattern in the communities, the common ailments which constitute the major bulk of the health problems in the general population. Keeping in mind all the above mentioned realities, it was considered that the students should be taken out of the teaching hospital environment and should be trained in a setting where they are going to actually work, thus enabling the medical graduates of future to help in improvement of health status of the country Vision is to educate medical students and resident physicians in the principles and practice of public health , to provide excellent and comprehensive training in public health to the future community physicians, to provide programs which enhance the healthcare and delivery of excellent medical care to the people of Pakistan and to advance the discipline of public health through academics.


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Guiding Principles of the Vision

1. Developing training programs which assure that graduates become qualified in Community Practice, and provide the physicians with the broad skills necessary for the various opportunities available to them.

2. Designing educational program for medical students and residents, which emphasizes continuous comprehensive medical care, biopsychosocial issues, clinical epidemiology, preventive medicine and community oriented primary care.

3. Providing efficient, comprehensive patient care services of the highest quality to support the educational, service, scholarly and administrative goals of public health. 4. Induction of research and scholarly activity reflecting the broad range of interests in the discipline of public health including research involving the medical needs of urban and rural health care policy.

5. Enhancing health care delivery to underserved and rural populations and will be developed to encourage graduating physicians to serve such populations.6. Collaborating and cooperating with other institutions of higher learning, affiliated teaching hospitals, public and governmental agencies and private enterprises.

 

Community Work


Community counseling in progress

The duties of a medical graduate have been changed in recent years. They have the major role in the promotion of health and prevention of diseases in the communities by acting as a health educator and a leader of health team.


Organizing preventive and health promotive services in a community


Community Medicine is a specialty that deals with the health and disease of a population or of a specified community. The goal is to identify health problems and needs, to identify means by which these needs may be met, and to evaluate the extent to which health services do so.


Registration of community members in progress

Community medicine is concerned with specified populations rather than individuals. It provides comprehensive primary care and preventative services to all members of the Community – from new babies to grandparents! Community physicians have unique attitudes and skills. They are qualified to care for all community members regardless of sex, age, or type of problem (physical biological, behavioral, or social). In addition to recognizing, preventing, and treating disease, community physicians work to get to know the community and develop long-term relationships with their members.


Chest examination in community counseling camp

Department of community medicine has been actively involved in community based training since its inception. A study of demographic and socio-economical status of
Slums in Lahore was started in 1985 and the following randomly selected slums were studied by the medical students under the supervision of staff of community medicine department.
5555555Children examination in community camp
Our Community Medicine Program is designed to facilitate the students' acquisition of fundamental knowledge and skills as well as to develop attitudes appropriate to the practice of community responsive medicine. Keeping in view all these targets our curriculum familiarizes students with population-based community medicine in medical practices in rural and medically underserved communities in Pakistan.


Community survey


Students are educated in such disciplines as disease prevention, health promotion, basic epidemiology, clinical biostatistics, and evidence-based medicine. In the campus-based curriculum, students and faculty work together in small group tutorials or seminars. During their community-based experiences, students are placed with physicians throughout the adjoining community who supervise experiences in clinical care, population health, and family dynamics.


Eye examination in community counseling camp


Main emphasis is on understanding and preventing major health problems , managing health system and services development of social justice and ethics.


Advice on medicine intake in a community counseling camp


Health promotion and disease prevention services have been established in the following communities,All activities have been sponsored by the local philanthropists and transportation has been provided by the University.
I - Chaudhry colony near Shama cinema Ferozepur Road.
Ii - Fazalia colony
iii - Ittefaq Colony
iv - Ehata Molchand
v - Saint Mary Colony
vi - Liaqatabad
vii - Kacchi abadi Mayo hospital
viii - Naseerabad
ix - Saraye Ratan chand
x - Kacchi abadi opposite Taxali gate
xi - Henry kay
xii - China basti


Community work in progress

Socio-economical survey was started in 1995 in the Lahore urban,peri-urban and rural areas and community based training was launched in the following areas.

Type of community Name
Rural Communities Jallo Wana
Gopay Roy
Bhamma.
Baghbanpura.
Fateh Rehan.
Kumahan.
Peri urban communities.
Kharak.
Sanda.
Kot Shahbuddin
Urban slum. 
Liaqat Abad.
Urban communities. 
Walled City.
Ghausia Colony.
Sanda Kalan

A field camp was established in an urban slum near K.E.Medical University/College in 1998 and regular community based training program was launched.

Dengue Awareness campaign. It was launched in three towns of Lahore. Nishtar Town, Ravi Town and Data Gang Buksh Town.

Training Workshops:

The training workshops were designed for undergraduate students, postgraduate students and faculty of King Edward Medical University by Dr Saira Afzal.

Seminars:

Various seminars were conducted on important Medical and social issues to create awareness and to improve health situation.

Walks:
To create awareness among the community, walks were arranged by the community Medicine department.


 
 
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