DEPARTMENT OF COMMUNITY MEDICINE

DR. SAIRA AFZAL

MBBS, MCPS, FCPS, M.Phil., Ph.D.
Chairperson and Head of Community Medicine Department,
King Edward Medical University, Lahore .

DR. SAIRA AFZAL

“Don’t undertake an endeavor because it is easy but do it

with a conviction that no one can do it better than you”

Community medicine is the science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life and promoting mental and physical health and efficiency through organized community efforts for the sanitation of the environment, the control of communicable infections, education about personal hygiene, organization of medical and nursing services for the early diagnosis and preventive treatment of the disease, and development of social machinery to ensure to every individual a standard of living adequate for the maintenance of health, so organizing these benefits as to enable every citizen to realize his birthright of health and longevity.

The mission of the Department of Community Medicine King Edward Medical University is to serve the countrymen of Pakistan by providing quality pre-doctoral, residency, and continuing medical education in Community Medicine, engage in scholarly pursuits related to Community Medicine, and provide quality medical care to patients. In the course of achieving this mission, the department will promote the specialty of community medicine, assure faculty development, and provide public education.

The stated missions of the Community Medicine are threefold:

Education: To participate in the training and continuing education of physicians, medical students, and other allied health professionals in our state and region. The postgraduate courses include M.Phil, MD, MCPS and PhD courses.

Research: To collect and analyze information pertaining to the health and health care needs of the people of our state and region.

Service: To propose and facilitate initiatives through which the health and well being of our population can be improved and field visits are very important.

VISION OF PUBLIC HEALTH:

Medical education in any country must be relevant to the needs of the society. Medical students should be provided with basic knowledge, motivated to cultivate favourable attitude and trained to achieve adequate professional skills in order to be successful medical practitioners, well oriented to the local health problems and capable of fitting in the health team that has to provide total preventive and curative health services to the individuals and the community.

Medical education in Pakistan and in most parts of the world was hospital oriented and the majority of the medical graduates were trained in the diagnosis and management of patients in an environment where expensive diagnostic and treatment facilities were available and they were not exposed to the real working environment where they had to work after their graduation in an underdeveloped country like Pakistan. They were not aware of the disease pattern in the communities, the common ailments which constitute the major bulk of the health problems in the general population. Keeping in mind all the above mentioned realities, it was considered that the students should be taken out of the teaching hospital environment and should be trained in a setting where they are going to actually work, thus enabling the medical graduates of future to help in improvement of health status of the country. Vision is to educate medical students and resident physicians in the principles and practice of public health, to provide excellent and comprehensive training in public health to the future community physicians, to provide programmes which enhance the healthcare and delivery of excellent medical care to the people of Pakistan and to advance the discipline of public health through academics.

Guiding Principles of the Vision:

  1. Developing training programmes which assure that graduates become qualified in Community Practice, and provide the physicians with the broad skills necessary for the various opportunities available to them.
  2. Designing educational programmes for medical students and residents, which emphasizes continuous comprehensive medical care, bio-psychosocial issues, clinical epidemiology, preventive medicine and community oriented primary care.
  3. Providing efficient, comprehensive patient care services of the highest quality to support the educational, service, scholarly and administrative goals of public health.
  4. Induction of research and scholarly activity reflecting the broad range of interests in the discipline of public health including research involving the medical needs of urban and rural health care policy.
  5. Enhancing health care delivery to underserved and rural populations and will be developed to encourage graduating physicians to serve such populations.
  6. Collaborating and cooperating with other institutions for higher learning, affiliated teaching hospitals, public and governmental agencies and private enterprises.

  • To make the students understand the concept of Primary Health care through community oriented medical education approach.
  • To expose students to the real life situations and health problems of the communities.
  • Train the students in taking community diagnosis of health status of the population.
  • To enable the students to practice Primary health Care in communities.
  • To train the students in routine management of married women of reproductive age and children.
  • To train the students in the concept and delivery of school health services.
  • To develop the inter-personal communication and integrated approach among community people, health care providers and social workers.
  • To develop coordination and intersectoral collaboration among various health care providers and health care related agencies
  • To make the students capable of identifying diseases in early stages in all age-groups, to solve their problems at the primary care level and refer the complicated cases to secondary or tertiary care level facilities.

The subject of Community Medicine made its recognition in the late 50s (then titled as Hygiene and Preventive Medicine) when it was included in medical curriculum. At that time the teaching of the subject was conducted by part time and visiting faculty. Eminent scholars and subject specialists used to teach the subject. The department of Hygiene and Preventive Medicine (now Community Medicine) was created in 1971, initially with little staff, but later regular staff was appointed in the department. Dr. Zahida Sultana Mir was the first chairperson of the department, after that following supervised the department.

  • Dr. Farhat Afza, (Dec. 1991- Dec. 1992)
  • Dr. .Maaz Ahmad (Dec. 1992 – July 1999)
  • Dr. Tasneem Fatima Rana. (July 1999 – Dec. 2000)
  • Prof. Maaz Ahmad (Dec. 2000 to 2012)
  • Dr. Saira Afzal (2012 till now)

This department has played a leading role in preparation of community minded physicians. Many eminent specialists in the field of medicine have achieved the excellence in the subject of community medicine. First Vice Chancellor of KEMU, Prof. Mumtaz Hassan was the most brilliant star in the galaxy of physicians who was awarded Roll of Honours in the subject of community medicine in 1966.

Among the others being awarded include , Moazam Baig Mirza (1962), Mohammad Ramzan (1963), Mushtaq Ahmed (1964), Mohammad Anwar ul Haq (1965), Miss Tahira Parveen (1967), Salim Khan (1968) Mohammad Tariq Kamal (1969), Miss Faiqa Noor Khan (1970), Miss Lubna Umer (1972), Miss Shaheen Ghani (1973), Miss Ghazala Musa (1974), Syed Arif Hussain (1975), Mudassir Sibtain Sh. (1976), Asif Azeem (1977), Zia ul Miraj ( 19979), Asim Mahmood (1980), Tahir Qaseem , Altaf Alam (1981), Kamran Hussain , Ahmad Mehdi, Fawad Sabooh Zafar, Miss Farah Yasin (1982), Kamran Khalid Cheema (1983), Miss Ume Salma(1986),Muhammad Ali Mumtaz(1987),Aamer Shabbir (1988), Miss Ayesha Shabbir (1989), Muhammad Wasif Saif (1990), Ahmed Waheed Cheema (1991), Shazia Javed (1992), Fasiha Kanwal (1993), Raja Shehzad Gul (1994).

It is currently headed by, a most dignified, dedicated and a passionate person who is a true leader having a quality of looking beyond ordinary meaning of things, Associate Professor Dr. Saira Afzal, the Chairperson of the department. Under her dynamic leadership the department is setting a new trajectory of brilliance and a novel precedent of success in research. She is very fond of inculcating research in undergraduate as well as in post graduate students. Various workshops have been conducted in her leadership regarding synopsis writing, research methodology, Ebola virus, Dengue and many more. Currently, faculty training workshop is of her prime interest that is efficiently being organized in the department comprising of presentations on academic concerned topics, current issues related to community health and communication skills. With vibrant present and ambitious future, Department of Community Medicine is commensurate with an institution.

The Department of Community Medicine and Public Health at the King Edward Medical University, with its strong educational mandate, has been making a substantial contribution to the overall undergraduate medical education of the University. Our mission is to prepare our students to effectively address persistent and emerging Public Health challenges, conduct and disseminate research on important health issues and collaborate with communities in research and training.

We remain committed to teaching, research , practice and mentoring our students .The Departmental Faculty and student body are spearheading research in areas of Maternal and Child Health, Epidemiology of Communicable and Non-Communicable Diseases, Nutritional Surveillance, Educational Research, E-health and Telemedicine, Mentorship Programme, Health Systems and Reforms in Immunization System through general practitioners,  to name a few. Community visits help our students to understand public health problems of our community.

Along with other activities, we have been conducting standalone workshops in Research Methodology, Medical Writing and Communication Skills for various Departments at the University. The Department is well on its way to offer a new Post Graduate Degree Program (MD) for Health Care Managers working at District and Sub District level for improvement in Health care delivery standards. Current projects include Responsible Citizenship Programme, Prevention of Infectious Diseases Workshops, Mentorship Programme, and Reforms in Immunization System. Department of Community Medicine is playing active role in Research Projects Evaluation and facilitation committee and Editorial board of Annals of KEMU.

List of Faculty Members

Sr. No NAME QUALIFICATION DESIGNATION
1. Dr. Saira Afzal MBBS, MCPS, FCPS, MPhil (Public Health and Preventive Medicine), Ph.D. Chairperson & Head of Department/ Associate Professor
2. Dr. Saira Tariq MBBS, MPH, Assistant Professor
3. Dr.  Ain ul Momina MBBS, MPH, MSc (Social Work) Assistant Professor
4. Dr. Shamim Iqbal MBBS PWMO
5. Dr. Muhammad Arif Khan MBBS, BSc, PGD (nutrition), MSc (Community Health & Nutrition) APMO
6. Dr. M.N Tabassum MBBS, DTCD, MCPS (pulmonology), MPH Sr. Demonstrator
7. Dr. Muhammad Mahmood Alam Pasha MBBS Sr. Demonstrator
8. Dr. Aiman Aslam MBBS Demonstrator
9. Dr. Rukhsana Khalid MBBS FCPS I Demonstrator
10. Dr. Fahad Rafique Butt MBBS Demonstrator
11. Waseem Haider MA (Sociology) Health Educator
12. Mrs. Abida Kashif Ma (Social Work) Medical Social Officer

  1. Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome in Pre and Post Menopausal Diabetics (Published in biomedica)
  2. Determinants of Wound Dehiscence in Abdominal Surgery in Public Sector Hospital (ANNALS of King Edward Medical University)
  3. Comparison of Traditional Two Injections Dorsal Digital Block with Volar Block (Journal of College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan)
  4. Psychosocial determinants of preferring home births (Biomedica)
  5. Comparison of Saline with honey dressings in wound (ANNALS of King Edward Medical University)
  6. Determinants of depression in female adolescents and youth (Professional Med J)
  7. Precipitating factors of Hepatic Coma (ANNALS of King Edward Medical University)
  8. Factors associated with postpiercing auricular cartilage keloids (Journal of College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan)
  9. Determinants for transmission of hepatitis B and C (ANNALS of King Edward Medical University)
  10. The Role of Branched Chain Amino Acids in Reversal of Hepatic Encephalopathy (ANNALS of King Edward Medical University)
  11. Correlation between the number of outdoor visits and climate variables for asthmatics in a developing country: A retrospective study (ANNALS of allergy, asthma & immunology)
  12. The special training for quinacrine sterilization in Faisalabad, Pakistan. A report (International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics)
  13. Hepatoprotective role of ButeaMonosperma against liver damage by paracetamol in Rabbits (ANNALS of King Edward Medical University)
  14. The determinants of self-medication (ANNALS of King Edward Medical University)
  15. Psychosocial determinants of Shisha smoking in Lahore community (ANNALS of King Edward Medical University)
  16. Adverse fetal outcomes after quinacrine sterilization failure in Faisalabad Pakistan (European Journal of Developing Country Studies)
  17. Hypertension and Low birth weight babies in females sterilized with Quinacrine in Faisalabad (ANNALS of King Edward Medical University)
  18. Psychosocial Risk factors Associated with hypertension in Females 18-49 years in a community in Faisalabad (ANNALS of King Edward Medical University)
  19. Determinants of smoking in Females (ANNALS of King Edward Medical University)
  1. Endometrial abnormalities on transvaginal ultrasonography and histopathology in women after quinacrine sterilization (Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences)
  2. Determinants of bronchopneumonia in children (ANNALS of King Edward Medical University)
  3. Risk Factors associated with the outbreak of Measles in Lahore, Pakistan (ANNALS of King Edward Medical University)
  4. Risk factors and attitude of the families towards child abuse (Health Med)
  5. Reforms in evaluation system in Public Medical Institutions at undergraduate level.
  6. Psychosocial determinants of lack of research orientation in Lahore Urban Community (Kemcolian Journal of Medical Sciences)
  7. 26.To Assess Evaluation System in Public Medical Institutions at undergraduate level.
  1. Metabolic Syndrome According to ATP3 Guidelines in a Public Sector Diabetic Clinic in Pakistan (Health Med)
  2. Depression in medical students- A cross-sectional study in a public sector institution (ANNALS of King Edward Medical University)
  3. Psychosocial determinants of type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (ANNALS of King Edward Medical University)
  4. Prevalence of Generalized Anxiety Disorder in adolescents and youth in Lahore Urban Community of Pakistan (Health Med)
  5. The psychosocial impact of acne vulgaris on quality of life among youth in Lahore, Pakistan (Health Med)
  6. Time related effects of streptokinase administration on post-myocardial infarction morbidity(Health Med)
  7. Correlation between number of outdoor visits and climate variables for Asthmatics (Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences)
  8. Psychosocial risk factors of myocardial infarction and adverse effects of Streptokinase in public sector hospitals (Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences)
  9. Serial monitoring of blood glucose levels in flaps.
  10. Determinants of incomplete vaccination and role of Lady Health Workers Program in Immunization of 12-23 months old Children: An evidence from Pakistan Demographic and Health survey 2012-13.
  11. Life perspective and social health in victim after Acid burn violence in Pakistan: A Qualitative Study (International Journal of Public Health)
  12. Evolution of Assessment system in public medical institution at under-graduate level – The student perspective (Journal of Islamic International Medical College)

  1. Demographic and lifestyle risk factors of dysglycaemia in HCV positive patients in community.
  2. Critical Appraisal of Telemedicine in Rural Community Health Centres.
  3. Mentorship Model project in King Edward Medical University
  4. Responsible citizenship project in collaboration with British Council.

All the faculty members are actively involved in Public Health Consultation including technical consultation of Health Management and Information System, Safe water & Health, Environmental Health Strategy Punjab by World Health Organization (WHO), Ebola Virus Disease, and Expanded Program of Immunization (EPI).

  1. Demographic and lifestyle risk factors of dysglycaemia in HCV positive patients.
  2. Demography of facial burns in Lahore Urban population
  3. HPV vaccination and cervical carcinoma awareness in married women in Pakistan
  4. Quality of life in Breast Cancer women in Muzafargarh
  5. H.Pylori infection in critically ill patients in a Public sector Hospital.
  6. Assessment of obesity and its risk factors among elementary and high school going children of Tehsil Deepalpur district Okara.
  7. EPI status among urban and rural under 2 year’s children of district Sheikhupura
  8. Nutritional assessment of tuberculosis patients at chest OPD of Sheikh Zayed Hospital Rahim Yar Khan
  9. Epidemiological factors of Road Traffic accidents reported at District Head quarter Hospital Muzaffergarh
  10. Trends, clinical profile and risk factors associated with Congo Crimean Hemorrhagic fever in Quetta Balochistan, Pakistan.
  11. Prevalence and awareness about prevention against Rabies in Gilgit, Pakistan
  12. Knowledge, attitude and practices of prevention of dengue among Dengue Squad Staff in Lahore
  13. Antimicrobial spectrum of Garlic extract on pseudomonas and E.coli culture growths
  14. of planning and prevention strategies against Dengue fever in Lahore
  15. A study on satisfaction about the emergency services at Jinnah Hospital Lahore
  16. Assessment of client satisfaction in OPD of Services Hospital Lahore
  17. Knowledge, attitude and practices of prevention of childhood illnesses by Expanded Program of immunization
  18. Risk factors of child abuse: A case control study
  19. Outcome of planning and prevention strategies against Dengue fever in Lahore
  20. A study on the incidence of zoonotic tuberculosis to assess the associated risk factors and zoonotic potential of Bovine Tuberculosis in Lahore
  21. Quality Assessment of Maternal Health Care Service under primary health care setting in district Lahore
  22. Association between vaccination status and early childhood pneumonia- A case control study.
  23. Assessment and comparison of knowledge among general nurses and midwives related to prenatal and newborn care

  1. Psychological Problems and Rehabilitations after facial burns: Developing country prospective.
    • (Knowledge, Attitude and Practice) KAP study about Child hood obesity
    • Health care provision factors associated withChild immunization coverage
  2. Frequency of pulmonary tuberculosis among smokers admitted in TB outdoors, Mayo Hospital, Lahore.
  3. Effect of excessive mobile phone usage on the sleep patterns among the students of KEMU,
  4. To determine the frequency and determinants of burns in females of all age groups
  5. Frequency and determinants of primary and secondary malnutrition under 5 years of age, attending the Pediatrics Department of Mayo Hospital, Lahore
  6. Frequency of Acne vulgaris with regular usage of cosmetics on female students of KEMU, Lahore.
  7. Determination of relationship of parental health and social support during pregnancy with the risk of non syndromic oral clefts.
  8. Frequency and determinants of community acquired pneumonia in children of Paeds Ward Mayo Hospital, Lahore
  9. Knowledge, attitude and practice of safe food handling among food handlers in King Edward Medical University Lahore/Mayo Hospital, Lahore.
  10. KAP study regarding biomedical waste management among medial staff of Mayo Hospital, Lahore.
  11. Frequency of Road Traffic Accidents presented to A and E Department Mayo Hospital, Lahore and satisfaction with treatment provided by medical staff.
  12. Frequency and determinants of pre-eclampsia among pregnant women visiting Lady Aitcheson Hospital, Lahore.
  13. Frequency and determinants of tuberculosis lymphadenopathy among children up to age of 12 years visiting Pediatrics medical department Mayo Hospital, Lahore.
  14. Frequency & Determinants of swellings of neck among adult patients visiting surgical OPD Mayo Hospital, Lahore.
  15. Perspective of quality of life among young girls having early facial hirsutism.
  16. Geomapping of diagnose patients of hepatitis C in Lahore.
  17. Frequency & determinants of Nephrotic syndrome in pediatric department Mayo Hospital, Lahore.
  18. Risk factors for Pediatric burns, Mayo Hospital, Lahore.
  19. Hospital based study to determine the incidence of Rotavirus Hospitalization and mortality rate from 2010 – 2015 in Mayo Hospital, Lahore.
  20. The determination of advantages of regular usage of video games on memory and problem solving abilities in medical students of KEMU, Lahore.
  21. Knowledge attitude and practice ( KAP) of breast feeding and weaning diet among mothers of children up to 2 years visiting , Mayo Hospital, Lahore.
  22. Frequency and determinants of digital dementia among students of KEMU by over use of smart phones and electronic media.
  23. Frequency and determinants of oral Cancer among patients coming to the Oncology department of Mayo Hospital, Lahore.
  24. Knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP study) of Medical Ethics in the medical students of KEMU, Lahore.
  25. Knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP) of Health Professionals towards Nosocomial infections in Mayo Hospital, Lahore.
  26. Risk factors of extra pulmonary tuberculosis among patients attending mayo hospital, Lahore
  27. Association between academic learning strategies with final result among medical students of Kind Edward Medical University, Lahore.
  28. Determination of circumstances and incidence of cardio-pulmonary resuscitation in Accident and Emergency Department Mayo Hospital, Lahore.
  29. Quality of life in Chronic Renal Disease Patients undergoing haemodialysis at Mayo Hospital, Lahore.
  30. Determinants of Amblyopia in patients prescribing to Eye Department, Mayo Hospital, Lahore.
  31. Frequency and determinants of lower limb amputations in diabetic in surgical department of Mayo Hospital, Lahore.
  • Health & disease
  • Introduction to public health and health system in Pakistan
  • Epidemiology
  • Communicable diseases
  • Non-communicable diseases
  • Biostatistics
  • Demography
  • Food and nutrition
  • Reproductive and child health
  • Life & environment
  • Occupational hazards
  • Arthropods, insecticides and disinfection
  • Mental health
  • Communication
  • Vaccination
  • Research ethics
  • Research methodology

Furthermore, faculty members of the department are actively involved in conducting field visits and modules.

FIELD VISITIS:

  • Visit to Institute of Public Health
  • Visit to hospital to see Hospital Waste Management
  • Visit to a primary school to see nutritional status of school children
  • Visit to Convalescent Home
  • Visit to Basic Health Unit (BHU) and Rural Health Centre
  • Visit to an industry
  • Visit to Social Welfare Office
  • Visit to Family Planning Centre
  • Visit to Maternal & Child Health Centre

MODULES:

  • Reference writing (Vancouver style)
  • Growth monitoring charts
  • Expanded program on Immunization
  • Non-EPI
  • Diet charts
  • Disinfectants
  • Insecticides
  • Oral rehydration therapy
  • Water sampling
  • Integrated Management of Neonatal and Childhood Illnesses (IMNCI)
  • Basic Definitions
  • Concept of health and disease
  • Epidemiology of communicable and non-communicable disease
  • Immunology
  • Rural health and primary health care
  • Environment and health
  • Hospital waste management
  • Occupational health
  • Nutrition
  • Social and behavioral science
  • Community mental health

 

                              1ST SCHEDULE OF ALL WORKSHOPS
SR.NO WORKSHOP TITLE COURSE COORDINATOR FROM TO
1. Biostatistics & Research Methodology Dr. Mustehsan Bashir 29.09.2015 03.10.2015
2. Synopsis writing Dr. Saira Afzal 05.10.2015 07.10.2015
3. Communication skills Dr. Ahmed Uzair Qureshi 26.10.2015 28.10.2015
4. I.T skills Mr. Salah ud Din 16.11.2015 20.11.2015
                              2ND SCHEDULE OF ALL WORKSHOPS
SR.NO WORKSHOP TITLE COURSE COORDINATOR FROM TO
1. Biostatistics & Research Methodology Dr. Mustehsan Bashir 07.12.2015 11.12.2015
2. Synopsis writing Dr. Saira Afzal 03.01.2016 05.01.2016
3. Communication skills Dr. Ahmed Uzair Qureshi 26.01.2016 28.01.2016
4. I.T skills Mr. Salah ud Din 15.02.2016 16.02.2016
                              3RD SCHEDULE OF ALL WORSHOPS
SR.NO WORKSHOP TITLE COURSE COORDINATOR FROM TO
1. Biostatistics & Research Methodology Dr. Mustehsan Bashir 07.03.2016 11.03.2016
2. Synopsis writing Dr. Saira Afzal 04.04.2016 06.04.2016
3. Communication skills Dr. Ahmed Uzair Qureshi 26.04.2016 28.04.2016
4. I.T skills Mr. Salah ud Din 09.05.2016 13.05.2016
                              4TH SCHEDULE OF ALL WORKSHOPS
SR.NO WORKSHOP TITLE COURSE COORDINATOR FROM TO
1. Biostatistics & Research Methodology Dr. Mustehsan Bashir 06.06.2016 10.06.2016
2. Synopsis writing Dr. Saira Afzal 04.07.2016 06.07.2016
3. Communication skills Dr. Ahmed Uzair Qureshi 26.07.2016 28.07.2016
4. I.T skills Mr. Salah ud Din 15.08.2016 19.08.2016

 

Department of Community Medicine is very actively involved in academic work specially organizing training workshops for undergraduates, post graduates and faculty of King Edward Medical University by worthy Chairperson of department, Dr. Saira Afzal, related to synopsis writing, research methodology, communication skills, professionalism, and faculty training etc.

Seminars: Various seminars were conducted on important Medical and social issues to create awareness and to improve health situation.

Walks: To create awareness among the community, walks were arranged by the community Medicine department.

FACULTY TRAINING WORKSHOP:

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Faculty members presenting theirs topics

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                 Faculty Members showing active involvement in Faculty Training Workshop

 

 SYNOPSIS WRITING WORKSHOP:

Community Medicine Department always encourages healthy curricular activities that help the students in achieving their goals and promote research in the medical field.

Chairperson of department of community medicine conducting three days synopsis writing workshop for postgraduates trainees

Answering the queries of participants

Participation of post graduates trainees

AWARENESS CAMPAIGNS AGAINST INFECTIOUS DISEASES:

-Dengue Awareness Campaign

It was launched in three towns of Lahore. Nishtar Town, Ravi Town and Data Gang Buksh Town.

Dengue awareness walk

          Counseling people about spread and preventive measures of dengue

             Distributing Pamphlets in the community for control of dengue

Polio awareness campaign

EBOLA Virus Awareness Campaign

Demonstration of Personal Protective Equipment to be used by healthcare worker against EBOLA virus

Spreading awareness in nurses and undergraduate students about EBOLA virus

 

CERTIFICATES AWARDING CEREMONY AMONG UNDERGRADUATES FOR THEIR RESEARCH PAPERS:

Student receiving certificate for her research work

 

COMMUNITY WORK:

Department of community medicine has been actively involved in community based training since its inception. A study of demographic and socio-economic status of Slums in Lahore was started in 1985 and the following randomly selected slums were studied by the medical students under the supervision of staff of community medicine department.
Our Community Medicine Program is designed to facilitate the students’ acquisition of fundamental knowledge and skills as well as to develop attitudes appropriate to the practice of community responsive medicine. Keeping in view all these targets our curriculum familiarizes students with population-based community medicine in medical practices in rural and medically underserved communities in Pakistan.

Addressing queries of community about health related problems

Community awareness in progress

The duties of a medical graduate have been changed in recent years. They have the major role in the promotion of health and prevention of diseases in the communities by acting as a health educator and a leader of health team.

Organizing preventive and health promotive services in a community

Community Medicine is a specialty that deals with the health and disease of a population or of a specified community. The goal is to identify health problems and needs, to identify means by which these needs may be met, and to evaluate the extent to which health services do so.

Registration of community members in progress

Chest examination in community counseling camp

Community survey

Students are educated in such disciplines as disease prevention, health promotion, basic epidemiology, clinical biostatistics, and evidence-based medicine. In the campus-based curriculum, students and faculty work together in small group tutorials or seminars. During their community-based experiences, students are placed with physicians throughout the adjoining community who supervise experiences in clinical care, population health, and family dynamics.

Eye examination in community counseling camp

Main emphasis is on understanding and preventing major health problems, managing health system and services development of social justice and ethics.

Advice on medicine intake in a community counseling camp

Health promotion and disease prevention services have been established in the following communities. All activities have been sponsored by the local philanthropists and transportation has been provided by the University.
I – Chaudhry colony near Shama cinema Ferozepur Road.
ii – Fazalia colony
iii – Ittefaq Colony
iv – Ehata Molchand
v – Saint Mary Colony
vi – Liaqatabad
vii – Kacchi abadi Mayo hospital
viii – Naseerabad
ix – Saraye Ratanchand
x – Kacchi abadi opposite Taxali gate
xi – Henry kay
xii – China basti

Community work in progress

Socio-economical survey was started in 1995 in the Lahore urban, peri-urban and rural areas and community based training was launched in the following areas:
Rural Communities

Jallo Wana
Gopay Roy
Bhamma.
Baghbanpura.
FatehRehan.
Kumahan.
Peri urban communities
Kharak.
Sanda.
Kot Shahbuddin
Urban slum.
Liaqat Abad.
Urban communities
Walled City.
Ghausia Colony.
SandaKalan

A field camp was established in an urban slum near King Edward Medical College/University in 1998 and regular community based training program was launched.

Department of Community Medicine does not constraints itself to only academic activities in undergraduates, postgraduates, and faculty but also involved in helping poor people in the community by distributing Eid gifts to poor kids suffering from various illnesses.

Distribution of Eid gifts in poor kids in hospital

Chair person of community medicine department doesn’t not only help students in curricular activities but also encourage their equal participation in extra-curricular activities like sports, debates, dramatic etc.

 Group photo of Chairperson of department with members of sports club

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Encouraging students in dramatics

Hence concluding, Community medicine is concerned with specified populations rather than individuals. It provides comprehensive primary care and preventive services to all members of the Community – from new babies to grandparents! Community physicians have unique attitudes and skills. They are qualified to care for all community members regardless of sex, age, or type of problem (physical biological, behavioral, or social). In addition to recognizing, preventing, and treating disease, community physicians work to get to know the community and develop long-term relationships with their members.