Leprosy Cell, Mayo Hospital, Lahore is a well established regional centre. This cell was established in 1972. This unit is working in collaboration with an NGO i.e. Rawalpindi Leprosy Hospital with a hope to control leprosy. It caters for the patients coming from all over Pakistan particularly Punjab including Lahore, Sheikhupura, Kasur, Okara, Sahiwal, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Sialkot, Narowal districts and Azad Kashmir. Leprosy is a chronic infectious Mycobacterial disease which particularly affects the skin, nerves and eyes. The disease results in mutilating deformities and disabilities leading to strong social stigma. The centre also offers domiciliary treatment, health education, social rehabilitation and advice regarding eye care to these patients.
The disease is endemic in Pakistan. Although, the overall prevalence rate is below 1 in 1000, the incidence of disease is still over 1 in 10,000. At present, 1100 patients are registered here. The total burden of the disease in Pakistan is around 40,000 to 60,000 patients. Of this load, 14% patients belong to Punjab. About 25% of patients present with deformities and disabilities. This high rate is due to the delay in the diagnosis and management of leprosy.
In the present era of rapid technological advances, dermatosurgery has become an essential component of dermatology. Our department has a well-equipped operation theatre where sophisticated procedures like punch grafting for resistant cases of vitiligo, dermabrasion for recalcitrant hyperkeratotic skin disorders, cryotherapy for warts and other conditions and chemical peeling for resistant melasma are carried out. This centre has the potential to act as a nucleus for the dermatologic surgery in the country.
Mycology & Histopathology
The Departmental Laboratory is equipped with facilities for dermatohistopathology and mycology, in addition to basic haematology and biochemistry tests. This laboratory is perhaps the best departmental facility in the country. On an average, about 10,000 tests are performed annually.
In the Photochemotherapy unit, ultraviolet A and B lights are used for the treatment of chronic skin disorders like vitiligo, psoriasis and mycosis fungoides (a type of skin malignancy). This facility is, also, the only one of its kind in government sector in Pakistan.
Library, Audio-visual Section, Computer Section, Auditorium
The department has a well-maintained library, audiovisual section, computer section and a well-equipped auditorium with a seating capacity of 60 persons. Through these facilities, the department is actively involved in teaching the undergraduate and post-graduate medical students, nurses and general practitioners.